A must-have pocket reference for singers, repetiteurs, chorus masters and voice teachers, this app is an alphabetical list of Italian words identifying the correct pronunciation of stressed E & O vowels in Italian lyric diction.

Created to assist non-native speakers who have limited knowledge of Italian language and grammar, this easy-to-use guide will help singers find the required information quickly and efficiently.

It assists with awareness of correct speech sounds, necessary to maintain the characteristic sonority of the Italian language and prevent distortion or ambiguity of meaning in words which have the same spelling, e.g.:

fósse - if he/she were
fòsse - ditches

accètta - he/he accepts
accétta - hatchet

Over 9000 words listed in this app have been drawn exclusively from over 60 Italian operas of Verdi, Puccini, Mozart, Donizetti, Monteverdi, Cilea, Giordano & Gluck, as well as Arie Antiche.

Unique to this app is the inclusion of proper names, conjugated verbs, archaic, poetic and literary words not generally found in standard dictionaries.

Key features.

The list uses the “grave” open vowel-sound accent mark ( ` ) and the “acute” closed vowel sound accent mark ( ´ ) found in standard dictionaries. e.g.:

The open vowel sound is indicated by a grave accent:
- ebbène, mòrto

The closed vowel sound is indicated by an acute accent:
- avéte, onóre

All words are shown exactly as they appear in the texts, i.e. in forms and variants of the different parts of speech such as verbs, nouns, adjectives…

If more than one form of a word occurs, all are included in the list, e.g.:
- abbreviated forms: ancóra, ancór
- contractions: dicévano, dicéano, dicéan
- infinitive & conjugated verb forms: èssere, sarèbbe, fécero, faro
- plural & feminine forms of nouns & adjectives: uòmini, òrridi, stréghe
- literary, poetic, & archaic forms: vèglio (vècchio), augèl (uccèllo), fòra
(sarèbbe), tòrvi (tògliervi) , trarròtti (ti porterò)

Words linked by an apostrophe, e.g. “quell’empio”, “m’innamora” are listed separately under the vowel that begins each word. E.g.:
- quéll'
- èmpio
- innamóra

Combined words, formed by the joining of two parts of speech to form a single word, are left intact. E.g.:
- Toccòmmi (mi toccò)
- Bévasi (si béva)

When two words have the same spelling but different syllable stress, to avoid confusion, translations are provided:
When the words result in a different meaning:
- lèggere - to read
- leggère - light, agile

When two words have the same spelling and syllable stress, but the sound of the stressed vowel is different, again, to avoid confusion, translations are provided:
- cógli - with the…
- cògli - you pick, gather

- véglio - I remain awake, watch over (see V. “vegliare”)
- vèglio - old man
- vegliò – he/she/it remained awake, watched over (see V. “vegliare”)

- Some words, especially verbs, may have several different meanings and
- The infinitive form of the verb is given for those who want to explore

In instances where the syllable stress changes for poetic reasons, but the word retains its meaning, further details are provided
- tènebre - darkness
- tenèbre - darkness (poetic placement of stress)

Some stressed E/O sounds may be pronounced open or closed. Both are correct and are listed side by side.
- pòrgi / pórgi
- dévo / dèvo

Created, developed and produced by Teresa Desmarchelier and Dr Dimitri Kopanakis

What’s New

Version 1.1

Completely rewritten from the ground up with a more modern user interface.

Ratings and Reviews

5.0 out of 5
7 Ratings

7 Ratings

Rochey93 ,

Like having a diction coach in your pocket.

Not only is this app extremely user friendly, it will save hours of time and effort for opera singers and students. I know the frustration of having to search dictionaries fruitlessly when trying to find phonetic translations for italian opera texts. The USP of this app is that conjugated verb forms, outdated historical vocabulary and obscure grammatical forms have all been included as individual entries. Whether you're a beginner or fluent speaker, this app will resolve your every concern about open and closed 'E' and 'O' vowels. It really is like having a diction coach in your pocket.

TopherClifford ,

The ultimate companion

This wonderful app is the perfect app for anyone wanting to be more convincing in their Italian diction for the stage. The simple but effective design allows for a quick an easy reference point for countless words; many of which would not be found in a dictionary.

marizuccoli ,

Singers, coaches, a must have app for Italian

An invaluable aid for opera singers, repetiteurs or anyone needing information regarding open & closed vowels in sung Italian. Love it! Highly recommend! :)


String Central Pty Ltd
14.9 MB

Requires iOS 10.0 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad and iPod touch.



Age Rating


  • Family Sharing

    Up to six family members will be able to use this app with Family Sharing enabled.

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