Welcome to the world of second century C.E. Egypt. This app will allow you to leaf through pages of the world's oldest existing manuscript of the letters of St. Paul (P.Mich.inv.6238, also known in NT scholarship as P46). Thirty leaves of this manuscript, written in about 200 C.E., were found in Egypt and purchased by the University of Michigan Papyrology Collection in 1931 and 1933 (another 56 leaves, not included in this app, are housed in the Chester Beatty Library, Dublin; 18 leaves are missing completely).

The app will give you the feel of what it was like reading an ancient Greek book on papyrus, where the text is written without word division, punctuation, headings, or chapter and verse numbers. To aid the reader without knowledge of ancient Greek the translation mode will give a literal translation of the Greek text preserved on these pages (with addition of chapter and verse numbers), with explanatory notes showing where this text is different from the Standard text.

What’s New

Version 1.1

Added support for widescreen devices (iphone 5).
Added a warning to users that a data connection is required for viewing or downloading pages.

Ratings and Reviews

2.8 out of 5
5 Ratings

5 Ratings

Saymayon ,


I would like the option to zoom in and get a closer look at the text so I could read it myself, but I don't see that option--this means that the text rather small and is a little too faint to read. Otherwise, it is a very nice looking app.

BarbaraBe ,

Doesn't work

The Greek is too tiny to see, the translation does not work at all- I just get a blank box. Three years ago people asked for a zoom feature to no avail. This app needs to be removed from the App Store as it is not maintained at all.

Dave the Theologian ,


I was originally excited about the prospect of this app, but the text of the Greek is too small to read. Would be a good app, if it had a zoom option.


The University of Michigan
17.3 MB

Requires iOS 3.1.3 or later. Compatible with iPhone 3GS, iPhone 4, iPhone 4S, iPhone 5, iPhone 5c, iPhone 5S, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPhone 6S, iPhone 6S Plus, iPhone SE, iPhone 7, iPhone 7 Plus, iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X, iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max, iPhone XR, iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, iPhone 11 Pro Max, iPad, iPod touch (3rd generation), iPod touch (4th generation), iPod touch (5th generation), iPod touch (6th generation), and iPod touch (7th generation).



Age Rating
Rated 4+
© 2012 The Regents of the University of Michigan


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    With Family Sharing set up, up to six family members can use this app.

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